Paper can be made into clothing fabrics?

As the science and technology textile, first of all, to raise an interesting question: paper can be made into clothing fabrics?
Before answering the question, first popularize the basic knowledge: textile refers to spinning and weaving. Textile basic raw materials are cotton, hemp, silk, wool and other natural fibers and cellulose fibers, polyamide, polyester, polypropylene, acrylic and other man-made fibers. Processing the thin and soft fibers into yarn and cloth that meets the requirements of use is actually far from being as simple as one might think, for example, keeping the fibers in a state of controlled motion is not an easy task. Fiber is not a rigid material, can not be used for rigid materials such as turning, chipping, milling, planing and other processing methods for processing fiber products.
Fibers have long fibers and short fibers, long fibers in the winding state, and short fibers in a disorderly state, the fibers made of cloth (termed fabric) need to go through a variety of spinning and weaving processes.
China is a textile power and even textile powerhouse, accounting for more than half of the world’s total fiber processing, is the only textile category and varieties, upstream and downstream industry chain in the complete country, is to support the world textile industry system running smoothly the core strength.
The textiles obtained from spinning and weaving are necessary for our daily life. Headwear, body wear, hands set, and feet with the textiles are inseparable. Textiles are as thin as a cicada’s wings (georgette yarn), there are as light as a feather (polyethylene fabrics), more than iron and stone (carbon fiber products), and soft as rubber (spandex fiber products). Of course, now textile applications have been extended to many industrial areas, such as medicine, all kinds of engineering fields. Recently, the lining of the masks we often wear is one of the types of non-woven fabrics.
Textiles have evolved with human civilization. More than 10,000 years ago, primitive man began to use flexible textiles to protect the body from environmental aggression, and then appeared cotton, hemp, silk, wool and other fibers composed of complex structures of textiles. In addition to apparel or home textile products, textiles are used in engineering applications such as ropes, filtration materials, reinforcement materials and flexible building materials. Compared to other engineering fields, the entire textile field of fine mechanics analysis and design is relatively backward, and empirical design has been dominant in the textile manufacturing industry. The continuous emergence of new fiber materials, new textile technologies, and new modes of social life has driven the development of textile science and technology.
Textile as an engineering technology, the object of study is the fiber aggregate and the mechanical (physical, mechanical) and chemical methods used in processing. The fibers in the aggregate form a widely discrete distribution. This characteristic is often closely related to the surrounding environment (such as temperature and humidity). Therefore textile is an applied science and technology, and can not simply transpose the results of the basic disciplines. For example, the application of fluid dynamics analysis of air spinning tubes and airflow cup fiber flow is far more complex than the various fluid dynamics analysis in aviation. Spinning laws are of a statistical nature, making the description somewhat uncertain. This is somewhat similar to meteorology.
Finally, to answer the question: Textiles are formed by soft and slender fibers by means of inter-fiber friction that combines softness, regular surface texture, and strength so that the textile is soft at low stresses and not damaged at high stresses due to the inter-fiber interlocking of the fibers. The formation of high-quality textiles require high-quality fibers and complex and reasonable fiber collection methods, the formation of both close contacts between the fibers holds them together but also can slip each other’s collection of state. For example, paper and short fiber composite sheet manufacturing, the use of low-value wood pulp fibers in the slurry high-speed mixing and agglomeration, the formation of paper and short fiber composite sheet characteristics of the product, such products, although the preparation of high efficiency, but easy to tear, easy to wrinkle, low wet strength, the surface is too smooth, the short fiber stacking structure is too dense. What’s more, the paper material, although soft, cannot produce a double curvature effect. Paper material can be bent along the uniaxial winding, but not biaxial bending winding at the same time, otherwise, the formation of bending spikes or singularities, does not have the characteristics required by textiles. Textiles due to inter-fiber slip, in the biaxial bending or winding so that the bending cusp or singularity of the stress release, eliminating the bending cusp or singularity, in the biaxial bending still has a smooth curvature region. This is an important reason why textiles have a beautiful drape, and have comfortable flexural deformation during human movement. Therefore, paper can not do clothing fabrics.


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